A guide on how to use a menstrual cup

What is a menstrual cup? 

The JuJu Cup is a bell-shaped cup, which collects menstrual fluid. Menstrual cups are reusable and a single menstrual cup has a lifespan of many years. 

How does a menstrual cup work?

Menstrual cups are folded then inserted like a tampon into the vagina. The cup then opens and forms a secure seal with the vaginal walls. It collects menstrual fluid, in contrast to conventional disposable sanitary products, which perform the function of absorbing the fluid. After 8 hours, or more regularly for a heavy flow, it is emptied, washed and reused. 

How to insert your menstrual cup

The easiest way to put in a menstrual cup, and to remove it, is when you’re relaxed. It only takes a few seconds to insert or remove your JuJu. While it may take some practice, it will become easier as you become better acquainted with this product. Have a look at some first-time tips for menstrual cup usage to get better acquainted with your JuJu.

Give yourself a few cycles to become comfortable with the menstrual cup insertion and removal process. Remember to experiment with different fold until you find an insertion technique which suits you. Using a menstrual cup is different for everybody so what works for one person's anatomy may not work for another's. 

If you are new to using menstrual cups, you may also like to read tips for first-time menstrual cup users.

Before you start

Please read the Warnings & Precautions prior to use.

JuJu is easier to insert and remove when you are relaxed.

To make your transition to using a cup easier, practice inserting and removing your cup in the shower a few times a week before your cycle starts.

Disinfect your JuJu as per the instructions in the Cleaning your JuJu section prior to using it for the first time.

Inserting your menstrual cup

1. Wash your hands


Wash your hands with warm water and mild soap. To make insertions easier; you can use water, a water-based lubricant, or insert your JuJu in the shower.

2. Fold


Fold your JuJu into a 'c' shape by using both hands to flatten the two sides together then fold it over itself.

The video below demonstrates the most common 'c' or 'u' fold however more folds are available the User Guide to Menstrual Cup Folds.

If you have difficulty getting your cup to open run your cup under cold water and try a different fold such as the 'punch down' fold which makes the silicone spring open easier. Conversely, if you prefer a softer cup, run your cup under warm water prior to inserting.

3. Hold


Hold your JuJu firmly in your dominant hand, below the upper rim. Find a comfortable position - sitting, squatting or standing with one leg raised. Gently part your labia (skin around the vagina) with your free hand.

4. Insert


Insert your JuJu slowly into the vaginal opening. Direct it back towards the base of your spine, at a 45% angle, not directly upward. Allow your cup to open just inside the vaginal opening, then slide it into position. Your cup should be completely internal and will generally sit lower than a tampon but it is not abnormal for it to sit high depending on your anatomy or the location of your cervix.

5. Check the seal


Check that the cup has opened, as this is what forms a suction seal with the vaginal walls and prevents leaking. Swirl your index finger around the outside of the cup. If you feel any indentations in the circumference of the cup, the cup has not opened correctly. If your cup has not opened, use the stem to wiggle the cup or try a few pelvic floor exercises to help open it. Wash your hands.

JuJu can be worn for a maximum of 8 hours. We suggest emptying and cleaning your JuJu before bed, and again when you wake. Depending on your flow, JuJu may need to be emptied more often.

Removing your menstrual cup

We recommend that you remove, empty and wash your JuJu before going to bed and again in the morning after waking up. With every cycle, you will become more familiar with your own rhythm and know when you need to empty your JuJu.

For first time users learning to use the JuJu, we recommend removing and emptying your JuJu cup in the shower, if possible. Read more on Menstrual Cup Removal Tips.

1. Wash


Wash your hands with warm water and mild soap. Removal is easier if you are relaxed. Find a comfortable position. If your cup sits high, squatting or tucking your tailbone under whilst sitting will help shorten the vaginal canal.

2. Remove


Remove your JuJu by pinching the base of your JuJu with your index finger and thumb to break the suction seal. Bearing down lightly will help move your cup lower. Tilt the cup from side to side as you move it toward the vaginal opening. Take out the top edge of the rim then tilt it upright and remove the bottom edge of the rim keeping it upright.

Do not remove your JuJu by pulling on the stem without breaking the suction seal first as this will increase the suction seal, make removal more difficult and may cause the stem to break.

If you are having difficulty removing your cup, see Menstrual Cup Removal Tips

3. Empty & Clean


Empty the contents into the toilet. Wash your JuJu in the sink with soap and warm water and mild soap, then rinse it thoroughly.

4. Re-insert


Re-insert your JuJu and wash your hands.


Cleaning and storing your menstrual cup

Before the first use and at the end of each cycle wash and disinfect your JuJu cup. 

In situations where you do not have access to clean water, for example when travelling, use bottled drinking water to clean and disinfect your cup.  


You can easily clean your JuJu by washing it with soap or with JuJus’ specially formulated menstrual cup wash – Lemon Myrtle Cleansing Wash and warm water. Use a soft cloth or brush to remove any residual build up.

Ensure that the tiny holes at the top of your JuJu cup are clear and contain no blockages as they help form the suction seal which keeps your cup in place. The holes can be cleaned by squirting water through them or carefully use a toothpick to remove any debris. Discard the toothpick after use.

Always thoroughly rinse your cup after washing to ensure no soap residue remains on the cup as this can disrupt your vaginal pH levels.

Additional tips to help keep your menstrual cup clean and menstrual cup public bathroom hacks.


After your cycle, regular disinfection of your JuJu is recommended. You can do this by placing in a pot of boiling water for 3–5 minutes. Never boil your JuJu for more than 5 minutes as this can cause it to get damaged. It’s a good idea to set a timer when boiling your menstrual cup to ensure you don’t forget to remove it from the cooktop.


Rinse and dry your JuJu before putting it back in its own carry-bag until your next period. Always store JuJu in a ventilated area; never keep in a plastic bag or airtight container as moisture cannot evaporate without airflow and your cup will not dry properly. Storing your menstrual cup in an air-tight container may cause your menstrual cup change colour or develop an unpleasant odour.

Over time, you might notice some discolouration of your JuJu Cup. This is normal and does not indicate the cup needs to be replaced. If the slight discolouration concerns you, you can use isopropyl rubbing alcohol and a soft cloth to remove some of the staining. Thoroughly rinse your cup and set it out in the sun (out of the reach of pets) for a few days as UV rays are a great natural solution to sterilise and remove stains.

If you notice any rips, tears or changes in the texture of your JuJu, it’s time to replace it.


Warnings and Precautions

JuJu is for individual use and should never be shared.

JuJu can be used in conjunction with the oral pill. If you are looking to use JuJu in conjunction with an IUD such as Mirena, please read more on menstrual cups and IUDs in our FAQs section.

Do not use JuJu as a contraceptive or during intercourse. A menstrual cup will not protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

JuJu Menstrual Cup must not be used for postpartum bleeding, following a miscarriage or a termination due to the risk of infection.

If you have previously suffered from Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) it is recommended that no internal sanitary products, including tampons and menstrual cups, be used unless under the direction of your medical practitioner.

If you have any gynaecological concerns or questions regarding the suitability of a cup in your particular situation, please seek the advice of a qualified healthcare professional.

Always read the label. Use only as directed.


More questions?

If you experience any issues, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions section or have a look at this independent, open Menstrual Cup Forum with hundreds of menstrual cup users offering their support and knowledge.